Managed Projects

To maintain a standard approach for project management that enables governance and management review with a focus on requirements, risk, costs, schedule, and quality targets, small or medium-sized businesses can adopt the following measures based on PMBOK and NIST frameworks.

Develop a project management plan: The first step is to develop a project management plan that outlines the project’s objectives, scope, timeline, budget, and quality requirements. This plan should also include the roles and responsibilities of the project team members and stakeholders.

Establish project governance: Small or medium-sized businesses should establish a project governance framework that defines how decisions are made, how risks are managed, and how performance is monitored and reported. The framework should also include the process for review and approval of project deliverables.

Conduct risk management: Small or medium-sized businesses should conduct risk management activities to identify, assess, and mitigate potential risks to the project’s success. Risk management activities should be ongoing throughout the project’s life cycle and should include risk identification, risk analysis, risk mitigation planning, and risk monitoring.

Establish quality management: Small or medium-sized businesses should establish quality management processes that ensure that the project deliverables meet the defined quality standards. Quality management processes should include quality planning, quality assurance, and quality control.

Define requirements management: Small or medium-sized businesses should define requirements management processes to ensure that project requirements are properly documented, analyzed, validated, and managed throughout the project’s life cycle. Requirements management processes should also include change management procedures to handle any changes to project requirements.

Monitor and control project performance: Small or medium-sized businesses should monitor and control project performance by measuring progress against the project management plan, identifying variances, and taking corrective action when necessary. This can include regular reporting and review of project performance against established metrics.

Mitigating risks is important because it helps prevent or minimize negative impacts on a project or business. Risks can come in many forms, such as financial risks, operational risks, security risks, legal risks, and reputational risks. By identifying and mitigating risks, businesses can avoid potential financial losses, reputational damage, legal liabilities, and disruptions to operations.

When managing risk, there are several factors that should be considered:

  • Identify risks: The first step in managing risks is to identify them. Businesses should consider all potential risks, including those that may be unique to their industry or operations.
  • Assess risks: Once risks are identified, they should be assessed in terms of their likelihood and potential impact. This will help businesses prioritize which risks to address first.
  • Develop risk mitigation strategies: After assessing risks, businesses should develop risk mitigation strategies to address the identified risks. These strategies should be tailored to the specific risks and should include specific actions to reduce or eliminate the risk.
  • Implement risk mitigation strategies: Once risk mitigation strategies are developed, they should be implemented. This may involve changes to business operations, investments in new technology or equipment, or changes to policies and procedures.
  • Monitor and review risks: Risks should be monitored and reviewed on an ongoing basis to ensure that risk mitigation strategies are effective and to identify any new risks that may arise. This will help businesses to adapt their risk management strategies as needed.

When managing risk, businesses should also consider the potential costs of implementing risk mitigation strategies versus the potential costs of not addressing the risks. It’s important to strike a balance between risk mitigation and cost-effectiveness, as over-investing in risk management strategies can have a negative impact on the bottom line. Additionally, businesses should also consider legal and regulatory compliance requirements related to risk management. Finally, businesses should ensure that all stakeholders are involved in the risk management process, including employees, customers, suppliers, and investors.

There are several applications that can be used to manage risk in projects. Some examples include:

  • Microsoft Excel: Excel is a versatile tool that can be used to develop risk management plans, create risk registers, and track risk mitigation activities.
  • Jira: Jira is a project management tool that can also be used to manage risks. It allows users to create risk registers, track risks and issues, and assign tasks to team members to mitigate risks.
  • Trello: Trello is a task management tool that can also be used for risk management. It allows users to create boards for different projects and add cards for risks, including descriptions, severity levels, and mitigation strategies.
  • Riskalyze: Riskalyze is a software platform designed specifically for financial advisors to help manage investment risks. It includes tools for risk assessment, portfolio analysis, and client communication.
  • is a cloud-based project management tool that includes features for risk management, including risk registers, risk assessment tools, and risk mitigation plans.
  • is a cloud-based risk management tool that allows users to create and manage risk registers, assess risks, and track mitigation activities.
  • Smartsheet: Smartsheet is a project management tool that includes features for risk management, such as risk registers, risk assessments, and risk mitigation plans.

These applications can help businesses to manage risks more effectively, enabling them to make more informed decisions and reduce the likelihood of negative impacts on their projects or operations.

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