A typical starting point for managing service requests and incidents is the ITIL v4 framework. If you don’t already have an IT Service Management System then you definitely have some homework on your plate.
The life cycle for service requests and incidents is explained in detail by ITIL but without prior knowledge of the framework it may be difficult. If you have implemented some of ITIL or more then an IT Audit could reveal deficiencies and areas that require improvement to push your IT team to the next level.
The definitions of Incidents and Service Requests are as follows:
A service request is a request from a user or customer for information, advice, a standard change or access to a service. It is different from an incident in that it does not cause an interruption to service, or reduce the quality of service. Service requests are considered to be part of the day-to-day activities of an organization and are typically fulfilled through the service desk. They can be fulfilled through self-service channels or by service desk personnel.
An incident is an unplanned interruption, or a reduction in the quality of an IT service. The incident could be caused by various factors, such as hardware failure, software bugs, human error, natural disaster or malicious activities. The incident management process is responsible for handling and resolving the incident, restoring normal service operation and communication with users/customers and stakeholders regarding the incident status and resolution progress. The goal of incident management is to restore normal service operation as quickly as possible with minimal disruption to the business.
The ITIL framework provides a set of best practices for incident management, which can help organizations to minimize the impact of disruptions and get systems back to normal operation as quickly as possible. The best practices for incident management within the ITIL framework include:
- Incident Recording and Classification: Incidents should be recorded and classified as soon as they are reported, using a standardized incident management process. This should include information such as the incident description, priority, and impact.
- Incident Investigation and Diagnosis: Incidents should be investigated and diagnosed as quickly as possible to determine the root cause and the best course of action for resolution. This process should involve both technical and non-technical staff as appropriate.
- Incident Resolution and Recovery: Incidents should be resolved and recovered as quickly as possible, using established procedures and processes. This may involve applying a workaround, restoring a service from a backup, or applying a patch or update to resolve the issue.
- Incident Escalation: If an incident cannot be resolved within an agreed timeframe, it should be escalated to a higher level of support or management as appropriate. This should include clear escalation procedures and communication protocols.
- Incident Closure: Incidents should be closed as soon as they are resolved and verified by the customer. This should include a review of the incident to identify any areas for improvement in the incident management process.
- Incident Reporting and Review: Incidents should be reported and reviewed on a regular basis, to identify any trends or patterns that may indicate a need for additional resources, process changes, or other improvements.
- Communication: Good communication and collaboration between different departments and teams can help to ensure that all stakeholders are aware of the status of incidents and any issues that may be affecting performance. This can include regular status reports, service-level agreements, and incident management procedures.
- Knowledge Management: Incidents should be documented and added to the knowledge base to improve the incident management process and to reduce the impact of similar incidents in the future.
It’s important to note that these are general recommendations, it’s important to evaluate your company’s specific needs and tailor your implementation accordingly. Additionally, it’s important to prioritize and focus on the areas that will give you the most benefit, and be sure to have the right resources and skill set in place to manage the incident management process effectively.